A Comparison of Justification
and Sanctification

Justification* Sanctification
Justification is free (John 4:1). Sanctification in costly (Luke 14:25-33).
Justification is instantaneous (John 3:8). Sanctification is a life-long process
(John 8:31).
Justification is by faith (Eph 2:8). Sanctification is by faithfulness
(1 Cor 4:2).
Justification is not of works (Eph 2:9). Sanctification is of works (Eph 2:10).
Justification involves Christ's love
for me (John 3:16).
Sanctifcation involves my love
for Christ (1 John 4:19).
Justification concerns Christ's
righteousness (2 Cor 5:21).
Sanctification concerns my
righteousness (Luke 14:25-33).
Justification involves my position in
Christ (Col 2:11-14).
Sanctification involves my practice
(Col 3:1-11).
Justification considers what God has
done (1 Cor 15:3-4).
Sanctification considers what I am
doing (Luke 14:25-33).
Justification is God's commitment
to me (1 John 5:9-13).
Sanctification is my commitment
to God (John 14:15).
Justification requires obedience
to one command: to believe
the Gospel (Acts 6:7).
Sanctification requires obedience to all
of Christ's commands (Matt 28:19-20).
Justification focuses on the cross
which Jesus took up once and
for all (1 Cor 1:18).
Sanctification focuses on the cross
which I am to take up
daily (Luke 9:53).
Justification is finished at the
moment of faith (John 5:24).
Sanctification is not finished unil I go
to be with the Lord (1 Cor 9:24-27).

*The word justification in this chart is used to refer exclusively to eternal salvation from hell. This is what is sometimes called past salvation. The Bible also speaks, of course, of other types of salvation, including deliverance from the power of sin now and from the presence of sin in the future. The general idea for this chart was suggested by a reader.


Source: Danny Akin, precise bibliographic information needed.


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